Footnotes

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0 Rabinart Front Cover Illustration

Little Mos Eisley SIMA virtual world in SecondLife designed by Helga Eusebio
Flash LightFlash Light résumé at Flash-Light.net
Bill RabinovitchRabinovitch résumé at QuatGallery.com
Vishnuh VendettaVishnuh.com

1 Bill Rabinovitch Enters the Metaverse

kitschWikipedia: "Kitsch is a low-brow style of mass-produced art or design using popular or cultural icons. Kitsch generally includes unsubstantial or gaudy works or decoration, or works that are calculated to have popular appeal. It can also be applied to music.
The concept of kitsch is applied to artwork that was a response to the 19th-century art with aesthetics that convey exaggerated sentimentality and melodrama. Hence, kitsch art is closely associated with sentimental art."
Jerry Saltz Vulture.com: "Taking in Jeff Koons, Creator and Destroyer of Worlds."
Steve Jobs Wikipedia "Here's to the crazy ones."

2 A Birthday Present

Larry Gagosian Wikipedia: "Lawrence Gilbert 'Larry' Gagosian (born April 19, 1945) is an American art dealer who owns the Gagosian Gallery chain of art galleries. Working in concert with collectors including Douglas S. Cramer, Eli Broad and Keith Barish he developed a reputation for staging museum quality exhibitions."
Note: Bill shot video at many of the Gagosian Gallery openings, which Bill featured on his Art Seen, cable TV show.,
my old fighter jet After college, Bill decided he wanted to be a test pilot, and applied to Air Force flight training school, first in Lackland, Tex., where he received basic military training and a little flight training in the Aviation Cadet Program. He took real flight training stationed in Bainbridge, Ga. This was in 1959-60. He started with Cessna T-34s, a single-engine prop plane, and graduated to the Cessna T-37 twin jet, a very compact and powerful low-wing plane.
ArtNet ArtNet.com: "how being a jet pilot prepared me for a life in art," by Bill Rabinovitch

3 Rewriting The Iliad



The Iliad Wikipedia: "The Iliad (sometimes referred to as the Song of Ilion or Song of Ilium) is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy (Ilium) by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles."
Note: Many have dared to interpret this classic; most recently the movie Troy featured Brad Pitt as Achilles. Bill Rabinovitch's version when completed will appear on a new website: www.Iliad.us.

Picasso as Achilles looking at Kouros Wikipedia: "A kouros is the modern term[1] given to free-standing ancient Greek sculptures which first appear in the Archaic period in Greece and represent nude male youths. In Ancient Greek kouros means "youth, boy, especially of noble rank." The term kouros, was first proposed for what were previously thought to be depictions of Apollo by V. I. Leonardos in 1895 in relation to the youth from Keratea,[2] and adopted by Henri Lechat as a generic term for the standing male figure in 1904.[3] "
1. In the accompanying epigraphy the dedicatory formula was X dedicated me to Y, there seems to have been no generic term for these sculptures used in the ancient literature, see Ian Morris, Classical Greece: Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies, 1994, p.90
2. Archaeologike Ephemeris, 1895, col.75, n.1.
3. Henri Lechat, La sculpture attique avant Phidias, 1904.

The Church of Art Learn more about The Church of Art on their website: www.TheChurchOfArt.org.

4 Touring the Metaverse in a Porsche



Quat A SIM (simulated region) in the virtual world Second Life. If you join Second Life and become an avatar, you can teleport to this SIM using this link: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/quat/91/96/42/
Vari Teleport to this SIM using this link: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/vari/227/183/42/
Marunogere Teleport to this SIM using this link: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Marunogere/106/181/47/
Riiki Teleport to this SIM using this link: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/riiki/143/12/44/
The Church of Art Teleport to The Church of Art using this link: http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/quat/185/44/42/

5 The Discovery of Tatooine

Discovery of 'Star Wars' Planet www.DailyMail.co.uk proclaimed the discovery of Kepler-16b with the sensational headline: "Astronomers hail extraordinary discovery of 'Star Wars' Planet with two suns."
FTL Warp ship Wikipedia: "Faster-than-light (also superluminal or FTL) communication and travel refer to the propagation of information or matter faster than the speed of light. Under the special theory of relativity, a particle (that has rest mass) with subluminal velocity needs infinite energy to accelerate to the speed of light, although special relativity does not forbid the existence of particles that travel faster than light at all times (tachyons)."

Wookieepedia: "Hyperdrive propulsion systems (occasionally called warp drives)[2][3] were vital starship components that allowed starships to enter hyperspace to traverse the vast distances of space at faster-than-lightspeed, and thus were a key technology in the foundation of intergalactic society, trade and war. The construction and working principle of a hyperdrive was based on Hyperdrive Theory. The term was used to describe the engine and all components required for its use, such as the hyperdrive motivator or hyperdrive field guide. In numbers, the hyperdrive allowed travelers to traverse a galaxy spanning over 120,000 light years in only a few hours or days, the exact travel time depending on a number of factors including destination, point of origin, route, and class of hyperdrive."
2. Star Wars 25: Siege at Yavin
3. Star Wars: The Clone Wars: The Smuggler's Code

Tatooine Wookieepedia: "Tatooine (pronounced /tætu'in/; Jawaese: Tah doo Een e[8]) was a desert world and the first planet in the binary Tatoo star system. It was part of the Arkanis sector in the Outer Rim Territories. It was inhabited by poor locals who mostly farmed moisture for a living. Other activities included used equipment retailing and scrap dealing. The planet was on the 5709-DC Shipping Lane, a spur of the Triellus Trade Route, which itself connected to the Sisar Run. The planet was not far from the Corellian Run. It had its own navigation system. However, it would still play a role in galactic events, serving as the home of Anakin Skywalker. It was here that Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn recognized Anakin's potential to become a Jedi and where he introduced him to Obi-Wan Kenobi, his future master and mentor. Tatooine was also the home of Anakin's son, Luke, where he lived until his early adulthood. The planet acquired a bad reputation, often being viewed as the cesspool of the galaxy due to the large number of criminals who could be found there."

6 Father Flash

Jedi Wookieepedia: "A Jedi was a member of the Jedi Order, who studied, served and used the mystical energies of the Force; usually, the light side of the Force. The weapon of the Jedi was the lightsaber, a weapon with a blade made of pure energy. The Jedi fought for peace and justice in the Galactic Republic, usually against their mortal enemies, the Sith and Dark Jedi, who studied the dark side of the Force."
the Force Wookieepedia: "Well, the Force is what gives a Jedi his power. It's an energy field created by all living things. It surrounds us and penetrates us; it binds the galaxy together." Obi-Wan Kenobi
The Force was an energy field that connected all living things in the galaxy.[1] The power of the Force could be used by individuals who were sensitive to it, a power that was tapped through the midi-chlorians.[2]
1. Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
2. Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
Ruhe, Dr. Barnaby Wikipedia: "Barnaby Ruhe is an American artist, academic and six-time world champion boomeranger. As an artist, Ruhe, a professor at New York University's Gallatin school of individualized study, is best known for his painting marathons, otherwise known as endurance feats."

NYU - Gallatin School: "Barnaby Ruhe received his doctorate in shamanism and art practice, an interdisciplinary effort combining psychology, anthropology, art history, phenomenology and art studio action. He was senior editor of Art/World newspaper in the 1980s and '90s and wrote the first New York City reviews of work by Francesco Clemente and the Starn Twins, as well as essays on Francisco de Goya, Henri Matisse, Andy Warhol and Joseph Beuys. "


7 Passage to Tatooine is Arranged

Men in Black Wikipedia: "Men in Black is an American science fiction comedy franchise spanning several media. It focuses on the fictional non-governmental organization which monitors and regulates paranormal and alien activity on Earth while preventing civilians from finding out about it. It is a creation of Lowell Cunningham, the creator of the Men in Black comics about myths surrounding UFOs, and with the first release being The Men in Black #1 (January 1991).
quantum entaglement engine CNET.com: "Scientists achieve reliable quantum teleportation for first time
Physicists at the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, part of the Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, report that they sent quantum data concerning the spin state of an electron to another electron about 10 feet away. by means of
quantum entanglement."

8 The Star Freighter Pilot

text about the history of Cinema Beyond Spatial Montage Windowing, or the Cinematic Displacement of Time, Motion, and Space, by Michael Betancourt, Hardback: $125.00, 978-1-13-893866-3, April 29th 2016
Robert Storr Robert Storr (b. 1949) is an American curator, critic, painter, and academic... He was reappointed Dean of the Yale School of Art for a second five-year period beginning July 2011 and was the first American commissioner of the Venice Biennale in 2007."
Poussin Wikipedia: "Nicolas Poussin June 1594 - 19 November 1665) was the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome. His work is characterized by clarity, logic, and order, and favors line over color. Until the 20th century he remained a major inspiration for such classically oriented artists as Jacques-Louis David, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres and Paul Cézanne. He worked in Rome for a circle of leading collectors there and elsewhere, except for a short period when Cardinal Richelieu ordered him back to France to serve as First Painter to the King. Most of his works are history paintings of religious or mythological subjects that very often have a large landscape element."
in a show in Berlin The show was in Semmer-Berlin Gallery, which was run by Bettina Semmer
polyamorous Wikipedia: "Polyamory is the practice, desire, or acceptance of intimate relationships that are not exclusive with respect to other sexual or intimate relationships, with knowledge and consent of everyone involved."
Polyfidelity Wikipedia: "Polyfidelity (also sometimes called polyexclusivity) is a form of polyamory where all members are considered equal partners and agree to be sexually active only with other members of the group."
Mos Eisley Wikipedia: "Mos Eisley is a setting in the fictional Star Wars universe. It is introduced as a spaceport on the planet Tatooine. In Star Wars, Obi-Wan Kenobi (played by Alec Guinness) describes Mos Eisley as a "wretched hive of scum and villainy." It is the home of the Mos Eisley Cantina and Figrin D'an and the Modal Nodes.
From a distance, the spaceport looks like a haphazard collage of low-grade concrete, stone and plastoid structures that spread outward from a central power-and-water distribution plant like the spokes of a wheel. Also, at a distance, the smooth circular depressions of launch stations look like craters pockmarking the landscape.
The town is really larger than it appears, as a good portion of it lies underground. In fact, the town has a population of around 40,000 to 60,000, varying seasonally. It was built from the beginning with commerce in mind. Even the oldest of the town's buildings was designed to provide protection from Tatooine's twin suns. The buildings appear primitive from the outside and most of them actually are. The Mos Eisley Cantina was one of the spaceport's original blockhouses."

9 The Star Freighter

the ancient Egyptian God of the Dead The name of the ancient Egyptian God of the Dead is translated from the heiroglyphics variously as Anubis, Anu, Anpu, or Anapa. He presided over embalming, watched over mummies, and judged whether the dead had been virtuous enough to enter the afterlife. Much of what Lord Anubis says here also appears in www.LordAnubis.org.
one of my temples in Egyot Wikimedia.org: "Anubis temple, Hatshepsut temple, Deir el-Bahari, Theban Necropolis, Egypt."
Maat Wikipedia: "Maat or Ma'at was the ancient Egyptian concept of truth, balance, order, law, morality, and justice. Maat was also personified as a goddess regulating the stars, seasons, and the actions of both mortals and the deities, who set the order of the universe from chaos at the moment of creation. Her ideological counterpart was Isfet.
The earliest surviving records indicating that Maat is the norm for nature and society, in this world and the next, were recorded during the Old Kingdom, the earliest substantial surviving examples being found in the Pyramid Texts of Unas (ca. 2375 BCE and 2345 BCE).[1]
1. Siegfried Morenz (1973). Egyptian Religion: Siegried Morenz. p. 273. ISBN 978-0-8014-8029-4.

10 The First Exoplanet

Exoplanet Wikipedia: "An exoplanet orbits a star outside Earth's solar system. Almost 2,000 have already been discovered."
Goldilocks zone Wikipedia: "In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the region around a star within which planetary-mass objects with sufficient atmospheric pressure can support liquid water at their surfaces.[1][2] The bounds of the CHZ are calculated using the known requirements of Earth's biosphere, its position in the Solar System and the amount of radiant energy it receives from the Sun. Due to the importance of liquid water to life as it exists on Earth, the nature of the CHZ and the objects within is believed to be instrumental in determining the scope and distribution of Earth-like extraterrestrial life and intelligence.
"The habitable zone is also called the Goldilocks zone, a metaphor of the children's fairy tale of Goldilocks and the Three Bears, in which a little girl chooses from sets of three items, ignoring the ones that are too extreme (large or small, hot or cold, etc.), and settling on the one in the middle, which is 'just right'."
1. Kopparapu, Ravi Kumar (2013). "A revised estimate of the occurrence rate of terrestrial planets in the habitable zones around kepler m-dwarfs". The Astrophysical Journal Letters 767 (1): L8. arXiv:1303.2649. Bibcode:2013ApJ...767L...8K. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/767/1/L8.
2. Cruz, Maria; Coontz, Robert (2013). "Exoplanets - Introduction to Special Issue". Science 340 (6132): 565. doi:10.1126/science.340.6132.565. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
Gurdjieff Wikipedia: "George Ivanovich Gurdjieff (January 13, 1866–1877? - October 29, 1949[1]), also commonly referred to as Georges Ivanovich Gurdjieff and G. I. Gurdjieff, was an influential spiritual teacher of the early to mid-20th century who taught that most humans do not possess a unified mind-body consciousness and thus live their lives in a state of hypnotic "waking sleep", but that it is possible to transcend to a higher state of consciousness and achieve full human potential . Gurdjieff described a method attempting to do so, calling the discipline "The Work"[2] (connoting "work on oneself") or "the Method".[3] According to his principles and instructions,[4] Gurdjieff's ethod for awakening one's consciousness unites the methods of the fakir, monk or yogi, and thus referred to it as the "Fourth Way".[5] At one point, he described his teaching as being "esoteric Christianity".[6]
1. James Webb, The Harmonious Circle, Thames and Hudson 1980 pp.25–6 provides a range of dates from 1872,1873,1874,1877 to 1886.
2. Ouspensky, P. D. (1977). In Search of the Miraculous. pp. 312–313. ISBN 0-15-644508-5. "Schools of the fourth way exist for the needs of the work... But no matter what the fundamental aim of the work is... When the work is done the schools close."
3. Nott, C.S. (1961). Teachings of Gurdjieff : A Pupil's Journal : An Account of some Years with G.I. Gurdjieff and A.R. Orage in New York and at Fontainbleau-Avon. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London and Henley. p. x. ISBN 0-7100-8937-6.
4. De Penafieu, Bruno (1997). Needleman, Jacob; Baker, George, eds. Gurdjieff. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 214. ISBN 1-4411-1084-4. "If I were to cease working... all these worlds would perish."
5. Gregory M. Loy. "Gurdjieff International Review". Gurdjieff.org. Retrieved 2014-03-02.
6. An Anthology of Quotations on The Fourth Way and Esoteric Christianity Bardic-press.com
cerebellum Wikipedia: "The cerebellum (Latin for "little brain") is a region of the brain that plays an important role in motor control. It may also be involved in some cognitive functions such as attention and language, and in regulating fear and pleasure responses,[1] but its movement-related functions are the most solidly established. The cerebellum does not initiate movement, but it contributes to coordination, precision, and accurate timing. It receives input from sensory systems of the spinal cord and from other parts of the brain, and integrates these inputs to fine-tune motor activity.[2] Cerebellar damage produces disorders in fine movement, equilibrium, posture, and motor learning.[2]...
Prior to the 1990s the function of the cerebellum was almost universally believed to be purely motor-related, but newer findings have brought that view into question. Functional imaging studies have shown cerebellar activation in relation to language, attention, and mental imagery; correlation studies have shown interactions between the cerebellum and non-motor areas of the cerebral cortex; and a variety of non-motor symptoms have been recognized in people with damage that appears to be confined to the cerebellum.[18][19] 1. Wolf U, Rapoport MJ, Schweizer TA (2009). "Evaluating the affective component of the cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome". J. Neuropsychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 21 (3): 245–53. doi:10.1176/jnp.2009.21.3.245. PMID 19776302.
2. Fine EJ, Ionita CC, Lohr L (2002). "The history of the development of the cerebellar examination". Semin. Neurol. 22 (4): 375–84. doi:10.1055/s-2002-36759. PMID 12539058.
18. Rapp B (2001). The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology: What Deficits Reveal about the Human Mind. Psychology Press. p. 481. ISBN 1-84169-044-9.
19 Doya K (2000). "Complementary roles of basal ganglia and cerebellum in learning and motor control". Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 10 (6): 732–739. doi:10.1016/S0959-4388(00)00153-7. PMID 11240282.
Zen Wikipedia: "Zen emphasizes rigorous meditation-practice, insight into Buddha-nature, and the personal expression of this insight in daily life, especially for the benefit of others.[3][4] As such, it deemphasizes mere knowledge of sutras and doctrine[5][6] and favors direct understanding through zazen and interaction with an accomplished teacher.[7]
3. Yoshizawa 2010, p. 41.
4. Sekida 1989
5. Poceski Year unknown
6. Borup 2008, p. 8
7. Yampolski 2003a, p. 3.
Ba Wikipedia: "The 'Ba' was everything that makes an individual unique, similar to the notion of 'personality'. (In this sense, inanimate objects could also have a 'Ba', a unique character, and indeed Old Kingdom pyramids often were called the 'Ba' of their owner). The 'Ba' is an aspect of a person that the Egyptians believed would live after the body died, and it is sometimes depicted as a human-headed bird flying out of the tomb to join with the 'Ka' in the afterlife."
rogue planet Wikipedia: "A rogue planet, also known as an interstellar planet, nomad planet, free-floating planet or orphan planet, is a planetary-mass object that orbits the galaxy directly. They have either been ejected from the planetary system in which they formed or have never been gravitationally bound to any star or brown dwarf.[1][2][3] There may be billions of rogue planets in the Milky Way.[4]"
1, Orphan Planets: It's a Hard Knock Life, Space.com, 24 Feb 2005, retrieved 5 Feb 2009.
2, Free-Floating Planets – British Team Restakes Dubious Claim[dead link], Space.com, 18 Apr 2001, retrieved 5 Feb 2009.
3, Orphan 'planet' findings challenged by new model, NASA Astrobiology, 18 Apr 2001, retrieved 5 Feb 2009.
4, Neil DeGrasse Tyson in Cosmos: A spacetime Odyssey as referred to by NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC

11 Introduction to Alien Cosmology & Second Exoplanet

Fermi approximations wiki/Fermi_problem"Fermi approximation is not a mathematical method. It is common sense sequence of quantitative deduction," Carl Weiman, mathematician and member of the Board of Directors of Art & Science Collaborations, Inc. (ASCI).
Rabinart.com's biggest assumption here is that a droid is capable of common sense.
sextillion10²¹ years. How this was estimated: first I assume the universe didn't explode out of nothing, but rather, the Bang was the result of a giant exploding black hole. The mass of our universe has been estimated at roughly 10^50 to 10^60 kg (hypertextbook.com/facts/2006/ KristineMcPherson.shtml), so I want to estimate how long it would take a black hole to grow that massive, and then assume that's the minimum time it would take before the Bang could happen. So next I start with what we know about our largest black hole (www.space.com/18668-biggest-black-hole-discovery.html), Mass = "equivalent of 17 billion suns." Mass of sun times 17 billion = (2 10^30) x (1.7 10^10) = 3.4 10^40 kg. (hypertextbook.com/facts/2000/LeonVaysburd.shtml) Next I want to estimate how many times that mass would reach 10^50 (lower limit of universe's estimated mass), so 10^50 / 3.4 10^40 = .294 10^10. However long it took that black hole to reach its current mass, I assume it will take . 294 10^10 times longer to reach 10^50. (OK maybe not a safe assumption, but bear with me.) It's estimated our Milky Way formed just after the Bang, so 13 billion years to reach this mass: (1.3 10^10)years x (.294 10^10 ) = .38 10^20 years, so .38 sextillion, or 380 quintillion. Either sounds way too accurate, but this was based on the lower limit universe mass of 10^50 (at 10^60 I think it works out to nonillions), and furthermore, there could be a Big Bang cycle that repeats at least every 380 quintillion years, so with a little artistic license, "at least sextillion years."
absolute zero-273.15°C. or -459.67°F. To put this another way, if science sees a temperature just slightly above absolute zero, the assumption is that an energy source caused that. However, to achieve absolute zero in a lab, energy has to be spent holding molecules in place with laser beams, or similar. So we've never actual seen absolute zero in nature, and just assume time-space is stable and would not exhibit a temperature in and of it self due to a flux we never expected to see.
James Webb telescopePlanned for launch in 2018 as successor to the Hubble telescope. wiki/James_Webb_ Space_Telescope
VISTAAncient Monster Galaxies Have Scientists Perplexed "The predominant theory for galaxy formation is a hierarchical model. You basically assemble galaxies by merging lots of small, little bits," McCracken said. This slow growth of galaxies can explain Earth's local universe well what the universe looks like at this age but is simply not fast enough to account for so many massive galaxies so soon after the Big Bang. "There's basically not enough time for these kinds of objects to form," McCracken said. "The researchers said that the faintness of galaxies from the early universe, even massive ones, means that it's possible the survey missed more galaxies even closer to the Big Bang that were obscured by dust."
GOODSThe Universe Has 10 Times More Galaxies Than Scientists Thought "An international team of astronomers used deep-space images and other data from the Hubble Space Telescope to create a 3D map of the known universe, which contains about 100 to 200 billion galaxies. In particular, they relied on Hubble's Deep Field images, which revealed the most distant galaxies ever seen with a telescope.... They discovered that the early universe contained even more galaxies than it does today. Those distant galaxies were small and faint dwarf galaxies, they found."
Casimir EffectWikipedia: "The Casimir effect can be expressed in terms of virtual particles interacting with the objects... (or) in terms of the zero-point energy of a quantized field in the intervening space between the objects."
Note: Germain is going with the virtual particles approach.
LamoreauxSteve K. Lamoreaux confirmed the Casimir Force in 1997. physics.aps.org/authors/steve_k_lamoreaux
Big Bang Assuming their data is correct, this proves conclusively there was a Bang, but doesn't explain the cause: http://scitechdaily.com/astronomers-measure-the-temperature-of-the-universe-7-2-billion-years-ago/
Steady State Theory The theory that matter forms continuously in space, rather than in a Big Bang SteadyStateTheory.org
Lithium ProblemAmount of lithium predicted by the Bang doesn't match what we see: phys.org/news/2014-08-big-conditions-lithium-problem.html

12 Third Exoplanet & Introduction to Alien Nuclear Physics

black hole Wikipedia: "A black hole is a mathematically defined region of spacetime exhibiting such a strong gravitational pull that no particle or electromagnetic radiation can escape from it.[1] The theory of general relativity predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can deform spacetime to form a black hole.[2][3]... At the center of a black hole as described by general relativity lies a gravitational singularity, a region where the spacetime curvature becomes infinite.[56] "
1.Wald 1984, pp. 299-300
2.Wald, R. M. (1997). "Gravitational Collapse and Cosmic Censorship". arXiv:gr-qc/9710068 [gr-qc].
3.Overbye, Dennis (8 June 2015). "Black Hole Hunters". NASA. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
56. Carroll 2004, p. 205
Note: Germain's alien science presents an alternative theory for the center: when a particle is forced into an area smaller than its wavelength, the wave ceases to be able to resonate, and thus the particle ceases to exist. Hence he says matter vanishes at the center of a black hole.
Pandora In ancient Greek myth Pandora opened a jar or box releasing all the evils of humanity. . Here the reference is to a fictional planet in James Cameron's film Avatar.
animist Wikipedia: "Animism...is the worldview that non-human entities such as animals, plants, and inanimate objects (such as rocks) possess a spiritual essence.[3][4][5]...Animism is used in the anthropology of religion as a term for the belief system of some indigenous tribal peoples,[6] especially prior to the development of organized religion.[7] "
3. Stringer, Martin D. (1999). "Rethinking Animism: Thoughts from the Infancy of our Discipline". Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 5 (4): 541 56. doi:10.2307/2661147.
4. Hornborg, Alf (2006). "Animism, fetishism, and objectivism as strategies for knowing (or not knowing) the world". Ethnos: Journal of Anthropology 71 (1): 21 32. doi:10.1080/00141840600603129.
5. Haught, John F. What Is Religion?: An Introduction. Paulist Press. p. 19.
6. Hicks, David (2010). Ritual and Belief: Readings in the Anthropology of Religion (3 ed.). Rowman Altamira. p. 359. "Tylor's notion of animism for him the first religion included the assumption that early Homo sapiens had invested animals and plants with souls ..."
7. "Animism". Contributed by Helen James; coordinated by Dr. Elliott Shaw with assistance from Ian Favell. ELMAR Project (University of Cumbria). 1998-99.
Note: The sociologist Max Weber argued in his book, The Protestant Work Ethic, that the world was better off under animism, because it was the Protestant work ethic which led to the rise of capitalism and people exploiting each other. This is why it seems incongruous to Father Flash that an animist world would so embrace capitalism.
Plutus Wikipedia: "Plutus, (Greek: Ploutos, literally "wealth") was the god of wealth in ancient Greek religion and myth."
Note: our word plutocracy, meaning rule by the wealthy, derives from this god. Unlike the ancient Athenians, who had a direct democracy, the USA has a representative democracy, where we elect our representatives to Congress to make laws for us. Since you need a great deal of money to run for office, most members of Congress are in the richest 1%, or beholding to rich domors, and so never want to fairly tax the rich. Therefore many people say this country is actually more like a plutocracy than a democracy. This is also what Anubis means when he says Plutus is winning out on Earth.
Mammon Wikipedia: "Mammon in the New Testament of the Bible, (means) material wealth, and in the Middle Ages was often personified as a deity...Albert Barnes in his Notes on the New Testament states that Mammon was a Syriac word for an idol worshipped as the god of riches, similar to Plutus among the Greeks, but he cited no authority for the statement.[16] No trace, however, of any Syriac god of such a name exists,[8] and the common literary identification of the name with a god of covetousness or avarice likely stems from Spenser's The Faerie Queene, where Mammon oversees a cave of worldly wealth."
8. R. T. France, "God and Mammon" in The Evangelical Quarterly, Vol. 51 (Jan.- Mar. 1979), p. 9
16. "Matthew 6:24 Commentaries: "No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and wealth". Biblecommenter.com. Retrieved 2014-03-20.
Note: Lord Anubis however, explains it as the ancient Greek god Plutus, whom he says we call Mammon, winning out over animism.
acceleration of expansion Wikipedia: The expansion of the universe, first postulated by Irwin Hubble after he observed a red-shift in distant stars, appears to be accelerating. based on the magnitude-redshift relationship of a distant type 1a supernovae used as standard candles.[5] This led to the hypothesis that there is an unknown dark energy causing the expansion to accelerate.
Note: Germain will offer an alternative explanation for the apparent acceleration.
5. Peebles, P. J. E. and Ratra, Bharat (2003). "The cosmological constant and dark energy". Reviews of Modern Physics 75 (2): 559 - 606. arXiv:astro-ph/0207347. Bibcode:2003RvMP...75..559P. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.75.559.
red shift Cosmological redshift: Irwin Hubble observed that light from distant galaxies was shifted toward the red end of the spectrum and concluded this was a doppler effect, indicating those stars were moving away from Earth.
type 1a supernovae Evidence mounts that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating: "By observing the redshift and the brightness of 58 supernova, two team of astronomers - one led by Saul Perlmutter from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the other by Alex Filippenko of the University of California at Berkeley - have found that the remnants of nearly all type 1a supernovae are at least 15 % further away than the standard model of the Universe predicts. This implies that the Universe is 'open' and will expand forever. It also suggests that a bizarre quantum force is affecting the expansion rate."
quantum Wikipedia: In physics, a quantum (plural: quanta) is the minimum amount of any physical entity involved in an interaction. Behind this, one finds the fundamental notion that a physical property may be "quantized," referred to as "the hypothesis of quantization".[1] This means that the magnitude can take on only certain discrete values.
1. Wiener, N. (1966). Differential Space, Quantum Systems, and Prediction. Cambridge: The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press
epicycles Wikipedia, referring to the ancient geocentric model: "In the Hipparchian and Ptolemaic systems of astronomy, the epicycle (literally: on the circle in Greek) was a geometric model used to explain the variations in speed and direction of the apparent motion of the Moon, Sun, and planets. In particular it explained the apparent retrograde motion of the five planets known at the time. Secondarily, it also explained changes in the apparent distances of the planets from Earth... The ancients worked from a geocentric perspective for the simple reason that the Earth was where they stood and observed the sky, and it is the sky which appears to move while the ground seems still and steady underfoot. Some Greek astronomers (e.g., Aristarchus of Samos) speculated that the planets (Earth included) orbited the Sun, but the optics (and the specific mathematics - Newton's Law of Gravitation for example) necessary to provide data that would convincingly support the heliocentric model did not exist in Ptolemy's time and would not come around for over fifteen hundred years after his time."
singularity Wikipedia: A gravitational singularity or spacetime singularity is a location where the quantities that are used to measure the gravitational field become infinite... According to general relativity, the initial state of the universe, at the beginning of the Big Bang, was a singularity.[4] Both general relativity and quantum mechanics break down in describing the Big Bang, [5] but in general, quantum mechanics does not permit particles to inhabit a space smaller than their wavelengths.[6] Another type of singularity predicted by general relativity is inside a black hole: any star collapsing beyond a certain point (the Schwarzschild radius) would form a black hole, inside which a singularity (covered by an event horizon) would be formed, as all the matter would flow into a certain point (or a circular line, if the black hole is rotating).[7] This is again according to general relativity without quantum mechanics, which forbids wavelike particles entering a space smaller than their wavelength... Many theories in physics have mathematical singularities of one kind or another. Equations for these physical theories predict that the ball of mass of some quantity becomes infinite or increases without limit. This is generally a sign for a missing piece in the theory..."
Germain is trying to supply the missing links with his alien physics theories.
4, Robert M. Wald (1984). General Relativity. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-87033-2
5. Hawking, Stephen. "The Beginning of Time". Stephen Hawking: The Official Website. Cambridge University. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
6. Zebrowski, Ernest (2000). A History of the Circle: Mathematical Reasoning and the Physical Universe. Piscataway NJ: Rutgers University Press. p. 180. ISBN 978-0813528984
7. Curiel, Erik & Peter Bokulich. "Singularities and Black Holes". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University. Retrieved 26 December 2012.

13 Another Galaxy & Introduction to Alien Relativity

Hutts The Hutts are a fictional alien species that rules the fictional planet Tatooine in the Star Wars series.
hive of scum and villainy In episode IV of Star Wars (the first one released), Obi Wan refers to Mos Eisley, the spaceport on the fictional planet Tatooine, as a "wretched hive of scum and villainy."
two suns The iconic image from Star Wars of two suns in the sky over Mos Eisley is invoked here.
Schroedinger's equation Wikipedia: "In quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger's equation is a partial differential equation that describes how the quantum state of a physical system changes with time. It was formulated in late 1925, and published in 1926, by the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger.[1] In classical mechanics, the equation of motion is Newton's second law, (F = ma), used to mathematically predict what the system will do at any time after the initial conditions of the system. In quantum mechanics, the analogue of Newton's law is Schrödinger's equation for a quantum system (usually atoms, molecules, and subatomic particles whether free, bound, or localized). It is not a simple algebraic equation, but in general a linear partial differential equation, describing the time-evolution of the system's wave function (also called a 'state function')."[2] The concept of a wavefunction is a fundamental postulate of quantum mechanics.
1. Schrödinger, E. (1926). "An Undulatory Theory of the Mechanics of Atoms and Molecules" (PDF). Physical Review 28 (6): 1049 - 1070. Bibcode:1926PhRv...28.1049S. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.28.1049. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 December 2008.
2. Griffiths, David J. (2004), Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (2nd ed.), Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-13-111892-7
the photon as a modulation wave riding on the spherical vortex carrier wave that is the electron Germain is declaring a radically different view than current science has looked from. First he describes an electron as a vortex wave with two sets of loci. One set which we know of and call the electron shells, and a set of outer shells at a cosmic distance. Germain's alien science claims time-space expands and contracts in a spherical vortex wave between these sets of loci, and that spherical vortex wave is what we call an electron. Then he describes an equally radical, but complimentary vision of a photon as a modulation traveling on such an electron vortex wave Thus he explains electrons and photons in terms of time-space expanding and contracting via spherical vortex mechanics. between the inner electron shells we recognize and the cosmic outer shells we don't yet recognize. He further claims that vortex wave creates the electron's field effects He will eventually produce evidence in the form of astronomical measurements proving the outer shells exist, but the meaning of those mesurements haven't been recognized because astronomers were not expecting to see the outer shells.when Tifft et al. published their results.
Michelson-MorleyWikipedia: The Michelson-Morley experiment was performed over the spring and summer of 1887 by Albert A. Michelson and Edward W. Morley at what is now Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, and published in November of the same year.[1] It compared the speed of light in perpendicular directions, in an attempt to detect the relative motion of matter through the stationary luminiferous aether ("aether wind"). The negative results are generally considered to be the first strong evidence against the then-prevalent aether theory, and initiated a line of research that eventually led to special relativity, in which the stationary aether concept has no role.[A 1] The experiment has been referred to as "the moving-off point for the theoretical aspects of the Second Scientific Revolution".[A 2]"
1. Michelson, Albert A.; Morley, Edward W. (1887). "On the Relative Motion of the Earth and the Luminiferous Ether". American Journal of Science 34: 333-345. doi:10.2475/ajs.s3-34.203.333.
A 1. Staley, Richard (2009), "Albert Michelson, the Velocity of Light, and the Ether Drift", Einstein's generation. The origins of the relativity revolution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-77057-5
A 2. Hoover, Earl R. (1977). Cradle of Greatness: National and World Achievements of Ohio's Western Reserve. Cleveland: Shaker Savings Association. OCLC 2936545.
Lorentz contraction Wikipedia: The Lorentz contraction In physics, length contraction is the phenomenon of a decrease in length of an object as measured by an observer which is traveling at any non-zero velocity relative to the object. This contraction (more formally called Lorentz contraction or Lorentz-FitzGerald contraction after Hendrik Lorentz and George FitzGerald) is usually only noticeable at a substantial fraction of the speed of light. Length contraction is only in the direction parallel to the direction in which the observed body is travelling. This effect is negligible at everyday speeds, and can be ignored for all regular purposes. Only at greater speeds does it become relevant.
Ives-Stilwell experiment Wikipedia: The Ives-Stilwell experiment tested the contribution of relativistic time dilation to the Doppler shift of light.[1][2] The result was in agreement with the formula for the transverse Doppler effect, and was the first direct, quantitative confirmation of the time dilation factor. Since then, many Ives–Stilwell type experiments have been performed with increased precision. Together with the Michelson–Morley and Kennedy–Thorndike experiments, it forms one of the fundamental tests of special relativity theory.[3]
Kennedy-Thorndike experiment Wikipedia: The Kennedy-Thorndike experiment, first conducted in 1932, is a modified form of the Michelson-Morley experimental procedure, testing special relativity.[1] The modification is to make one arm of the classical Michelson-Morley (MM) apparatus shorter than the other one. While the Michelson-Morley experiment showed that the speed of light is independent of the orientation of the apparatus, the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment showed that it is also independent of the velocity of the apparatus in different inertial frames. It also served as a test to indirectly verify time dilation – while the negative result of the Michelson-Morley experiment can be explained by length contraction alone, the negative result of the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment requires time dilation in addition to length contraction to explain why no phase shifts will be detected while the earth moves around the sun. The first direct confirmation of time dilation was achieved by the Ives-Stilwell experiment. Combining the results of those three experiments, the complete Lorentz transformation can be derived.[2]
1. Kennedy, R. J.; Thorndike, E. M. (1932). "Experimental Establishment of the Relativity of Time". Physical Review 42 (3): 400-418. Bibcode:1932PhRv...42..400K. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.42.400.
2. Robertson, H. P. (1949). "Postulate versus Observation in the Special Theory of Relativity". Reviews of Modern Physics 21 (3): 378-382. Bibcode:1949RvMP...21..378R. doi:10.1103/ RevModPhys.21.378.
lines of force spiraling Germain is attempting to explain the Lorentz contractions using the alien physics model, wherein an electron is viewed as a spherical vortex wave, spiriling between the inner electron shell we know about, and an outer shell which Germain contends exists at a cosmic distance.
how we explain the speed limit for light In Germain's alien physics, an electron is caused by time-space expanding and contracting in a spherical vortex wave between an outer shell and the inner electron shell we know. To maintain that resonance, the transit times for the expansion and contraction must remain constant along every path between the two shells, even when the inner shell is moving. Therefore the amount of expansion or contraction along each path varies to keep the transit times the same and maintain the spherical resonance, and this accounts for the observed Lorentz contractions, because time-space is literally expanding and contracting in response to the movement of the inner electron shell. The photon, in the alien physics model, rides along the cycles of electron's vortex wave, hence it becomes red shifted or blue shifted, as those cycles expand or contract, but will always have the same speed because the speed of the vortex wave it travels on has to remain constant to maintain the electron's spherical vortex resonance.
EMDrive www.DailyMail.co.uk: "Thrust measurements of the EMDrive defy classical physics’ expectations that such a closed (microwave) cavity should be unusable for space propulsion because of the law of conservation of momentum,"
Note: However, they confirm alien physics' expectations as revealed by Germain.
inflationary period Wikipedia: "In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation, cosmological inflation, or just inflation is the exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The inflationary epoch lasted from 10-36 seconds after the Big Bang to sometime between 10-33 and 10-32 seconds. Following the inflationary period, the Universe continues to expand, but at a less accelerated rate.[1] The inflationary hypothesis was developed in the 1980s by physicists Alan Guth and Andrei Linde.[2] "
1. "First Second of the Big Bang". How The Universe Works 3. 2014. Discovery Science.
2. Chapter 17 of Peebles (1993).
Note: Germain is explaining that electron's energy is bounded in a spherical vortex resonance, which limits the speed of light, but that limit did not apply to the unbounded energy escaping the exploding black hole which created the Big Bang.

a photon ripple reaches the outer shell In Germain's alien physics model, an alectron is viewed as a spherical vortex wave, spiriling between the inner electron shell we know about, and an outer shell which Germain contends exists at a cosmic distance. Further he describes a photon as a modulation traveling on such an electron vortex wave. Here he's explaining that when the photon reaches the outer shell of the wave it's riding, it no longer has that wave to ride, and hence loses energy. This he calls a quantum loss, a drop in energy which appears as a red shift, and therefore he maintains that red shift was not caused by a doppler effect.
William Tifft The paper referred to is Tifft, Cocke, De Vito, 1996 "Quantum Cosmology," Astrophysics and Space Science, 238, 247 That's hard to find online, but here's Wikipedia on Tifft
the plot of Schroedinger's equations fits the curves Tifft observed This plot was first published on CosmicTheory.com Solutions to Schroedinger's equation for the four lowest energy states, were plotted by physicist Bob Sturm.
Mos Eisley Wikipedia: "Mos Eisley is a setting in the fictional Star Wars universe."
hadron Wikipedia defines a hadron: "In particle physics, a hadron is a composite particle made of quarks held together by the strong force (in a similar way as molecules are held together by the electromagnetic force)."
Note: However, Germain will later disagree with this definition.
spherical gravity wave Germain is not referring to the gravity waves being searched for by various science projects, such as GEO600 in Hanover, Germany, or space based LISA Pathfinder. Rather he's saying that mass itself is due to a grvity wave which is spherical, and creates the properties of mass which the particle exhibits. Our science already realizes an atom is both a particle and a wave; Germain is explaining we need to understand the spherical waveform of a proton and neutron, if we want to understand the atom.
stellar mass Kepler's laws are used to measure the mass of stars in binary star systems. Of course the drop off of the gravitational field which Germain claims occurs past the outer hadron shell would set a limit to the maximum distance between binary stars, but at 14 light years, which alien physics is using as a guesstimate for the outer hadron shell diameter, all observed binary systems are covered: www.astronomycafe.net/qadir/q333.html Further, such a drop off could explain why we don't see binary stars at a greater distance from each other.
spiral galaxy Wikipedia: "Spiral galaxies consist of a flat, rotating disc containing stars, gas and dust, and a central concentration of stars known as the bulge. These are surrounded by a much fainter halo of stars, many of which reside in globular clusters. Spiral galaxies are named for the spiral structures that extend from the center into the disk. The spiral arms are sites of ongoing star formation and are brighter than the surrounding disk because of the young, hot OB stars that inhabit them."
winding problem Wikipedia: "The pioneer of studies of the rotation of the Galaxy and the formation of the spiral arms was Bertil Lindblad in 1925. He realized that the idea of stars arranged permanently in a spiral shape was untenable. Since the angular speed of rotation of the galactic disk varies with distance from the centre of the galaxy (via a standard solar system type of gravitational model), a radial arm (like a spoke) would quickly become curved as the galaxy rotates. The arm would, after a few galactic rotations, become increasingly curved and wind around the galaxy ever tighter. This is called the winding problem."
Higgs boson Below is the offical Higgs explanation, but there's already new evidence from CERN that the Alien Physics theory makes a better prediction.
Wikipedia: "The Higgs boson or Higgs particle is an elementary particle in the Standard Model of particle physics. Observation of the particle allows scientists to explore the Higgs field[6][7]- a fundamental field of crucial importance to particle physics theory,[7] first suspected to exist in the 1960s, that unlike other known fields such as the electromagnetic field, takes a non-zero constant value almost everywhere. For several decades the question of the Higgs Field's existence was the last unverified part of the Standard Model of particle physics and "the central problem in particle physics".[8][9] The presence of this field, now believed to be confirmed, explains why some fundamental particles have mass when, based on the symmetries controlling their interactions, they should be massless. It also solves several other long-standing puzzles, such as the reason for the weak force's extremely short range."
6. Onyisi, P. (23 October 2012). "Higgs boson FAQ". University of Texas ATLAS group. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
7. Strassler, M. (12 October 2012). "The Higgs FAQ 2.0". ProfMattStrassler.com. Retrieved 2013-01-08. "
8. José Luis Lucio and Arnulfo Zepeda (1987). Proceedings of the II Mexican School of Particles and Fields, Cuernavaca-Morelos, 1986. World Scientific. p. 29. ISBN 9971504340.
9. Gunion, Dawson, Kane, and Haber (199). The Higgs Hunter's Guide (1st ed.). pp. 11 (?). ISBN 9780786743186. - quoted as being in the first (1990) edition of the book by Peter Higgs in his talk "My Life as a Boson", 2001, ref#25.
quarks This is the Wikipedia explanation: "A quark is an elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter. Quarks combine to form composite particles called hadrons, the most stable of which are protons and neutrons, the components of atomic nuclei.[1] Due to a phenomenon known as color confinement, quarks are never directly observed or found in isolation; they can be found only within hadrons, such as baryons (of which protons and neutrons are examples), and mesons.[2][3] For this reason, much of what is known about quarks has been drawn from observations of the hadrons themselves."
1. "Quark (subatomic particle)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
2. R. Nave. "Confinement of Quarks". HyperPhysics. Georgia State University, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
3. R. Nave. "Bag Model of Quark Confinement". HyperPhysics. Georgia State University, Department of Physics and Astronomy. Retrieved 2008-06-29.
Note: Germain maintains the reason they aren't seen is because they don't exist. Rather, he claims they are the "epicycles" needed to make the Standard Model work.
standard model Wikipedia: "The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory concerning the electromagnetic, weak, and strong nuclear interactions, as well as classifying all the subatomic particles known."
epicycles Wikipedia: "In part, due to misunderstandings about how deferent/epicycle models worked, "adding epicycles" has come to be used as a derogatory comment in modern scientific discussion. The term might be used, for example, to describe continuing to try to adjust a theory to make its predictions match the facts. There is a generally accepted idea that extra epicycles were invented to alleviate the growing errors that the Ptolemaic system noted as measurements became more accurate, particularly for Mars. According to this notion, epicycles are regarded by some as the paradigmatic example of Bad Science.[21]
21. See e.g., Kolb, Rocky, Blind Watchers of the Sky, Addison-Wesley, 1996. P. 299 (ISBN 0-201-48992-9)
Uncertainty Principle Wikipedia: "In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle, also known as Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties of a particle, known as complementary variables, such as position x and momentum p, can be known simultaneously."
Note: Heisenberg claimed this was why the exact position of a an electron in an electron shell could not be known. Germain claims the position of the electron can't be known because the electron isn't always there, rather it represents an expansion and contraction of time-space between the electron shell and an outer electron shell at a cosmic distance. When the contraction periodically arrives at the inner shell, it appears as an observed electron.
particle effects In virtual worlds particle effects refer to a type of animation used to create effects like smoke, or fire. Here Germain refers to the effects observed in the Large Hadron Collider, which he maintains can best be understood as the interaction of wave forms, rather than the Standard Model of Atomic Particles.

14 Landing on Tatooine



the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program Bill was in the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program in 1973 when Lawrence Weiner was a guest speaker. Bill, as a painter, took on the minimalists, and he and Weiner verbally challenged each other publicly and with intensity in the then downtown bank vault on Reade St where the program was held.
( Adam D. Weinberg, Alice Pratt Brown Director at the Whitney, wrote Bill in 2015 to give him a life time pass with thanks, for having been part of that program, after reading art critic Dave Hickey's Weiner thread on Facebook, where Bill posted about his debate with Weiner.)
Blade Runner Wikipedia: "Blade Runner is a 1982 American neo-noir dystopian science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott and starring Harrison Ford, Rutger Hauer, Sean Young, and Edward James Olmos. The screenplay, written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, is a modified film adaptation of the 1968 novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick."
the hormones vasopressin and oxytocin BBC News Online: "We think what happens is when the voles mate, vasopressin activates the reward centre, and it really makes the animals pay attention to who they are mating with," co-author Larry Young, from Emory University, Georgia, US, told BBC News Online. He continued: "It makes the voles think, 'when I'm with this partner I feel good'. And from then on, they want to spend their time with that particular partner."
NewScientist.com: "It has been called the love hormone, the cuddle chemical and liquid trust. It peaks with orgasm, makes a loving touch magically melt away stress and increases generosity when given as a drug. Oxytocin is the essence of affection itself, the brain chemical that warmly bonds parent to child, lover to lover, friend to friend, and it could soon be unleashing its loved-up powers far and wide.


15 First Morning on Tatooine & Alien Quantum Mechanics

neutrino Wikipedia: A neutrino is an electrically neutral elementary particle[4] with half-integer spin. The neutrino (meaning "little neutral one" in Italian) is denoted by the Greek letter (nu). All evidence suggests that neutrinos have mass but that their masses are tiny, even compared to other subatomic particles.
Neutrinos are leptons, along with the charged electrons, muons, and taus, and come in three flavors: electron neutrinos, muon neutrinos , and tau neutrinos. Each flavor is also associated with an antiparticle, called an "antineutrino", which also has no electric charge and half-integer spin. Neutrinos are produced in a way that conserves lepton number; i.e., for every electron neutrino produced, a positron (anti-electron) is produced, and for every electron antineutrino produced, an electron is produced as well. Neutrinos do not carry any electric charge, which means that they are not affected by the electromagnetic force that acts on charged particles, and are leptons, so they are not affected by the strong force that acts on particles inside atomic nuclei. Neutrinos are therefore affected only by the weak subatomic force and by gravity. The weak force is a very short-range interaction, and gravity is extremely weak on the subatomic scale. Thus, neutrinos typically pass through normal matter unimpeded and undetected."

Very rarely, an electron / positron pair and a hadron / anti-hadron pair arise with a common center point This is where Germain reveals the alien creation of matter theory: "Three types of resonances arise in the vacuum of time-space which are capable of stabilizing: One is at the diameter of the electron outer shell, and consists of electron / positron pairs. Usually they either decay out of existence or annihilate themselves. The next is at the diameter of the hadron outer shell. These are matter / anti-matter pairs which again usually either decay out of existence or annihilate themselves. The latter are what the Casimir effect actually measures.
The smallest is a neutrino with an outer shell smaller than a hadron's inner shell. It resonates with a point at its center. Very rarely, an electron / positron pair and a hadron / anti-hadron pair arise with a common center point and can stabilize each other with the help of neutrinos serving as ball bearings. Typically this results in a neutron which has an electron and positron both spiraling toward inner locii in the center of the inner neutron shell. Such neutrons typically soon lose a neutrino bearing, and then beta decay releasing their electron. They gain the positive charge of a proton due to the positron still spiraling around the center point of the hadron inner shell.". Note: One possible problem with the alien theory is that the result of a neutrino hitting a proton yields a positron and a neutron, but if alien physics is correct, then that resulting neutron isn't the same as a neutron which will beta decay to proton in 15 minutes, because it doesn't contain an electron/positron pair. Is this a problem in alien physics, or did the difference in the resulting neutron in the classic Cowan-Reines neutrino experiment, go undetected because they detected those neutrons by their capture on a neucleus, whereby they became stable, instead of observing those neutrons for a full 15 minutes to see if they decayed?
dark matter Wikipedia: "Dark matter is a hypothetical kind of matter that cannot be seen with telescopes but would account for most of the matter in the universe. The existence and properties of dark matter are inferred from its gravitational effects on visible matter, radiation, and the large-scale structure of the universe. Other than neutrinos, a form of hot dark matter, it has not been detected directly, making it one of the greatest mysteries in modern astrophysics."
Note: Germain offers the alien physics explanation, "The vast majority of [matter/anti-matter] resonances never stabilize. However, although they decay out of existence, to the extent they approach stability, they exhibit mass. This explains dark matter. Because the majority never actually come into existence, you don't see them as matter, but you see their attempts at resonance as gravitational fields. "
tendrils nature.com: "Tentative tendrils: The cloud extends much farther than a halo of dark matter could, suggesting that it must stretch between galaxies. This is best explained if the cloud itself were a visible filament of the cosmic web, Prochaska says.
Note: Germain has his own theory, "Such attempts at forming matter are more likely to succeed near the perimeter of existing gravitational fields, which is why you see matter in the universe developing along tendrils."
the vacuum energy they calculate is 120 orders of magnitude greater than what they can measure Space.com: "The embarrassment Livio referred to is sometimes known as the vacuum catastrophe. Truly empty space, sucked dry of any air or particles, still has an inherent energy to it, according to observations, Livio said. But when scientists use theories of quantum mechanics to try and calculate this vacuum energy, their results differ from the measured results by about 120 orders of magnitude, or the number 1 followed by 120 zeros."
Note: Germain says the quantum vacuum energy acting like dark matter is the answer to this problem, and answers the question of what dark matter is.
meson Wikipedia: "In particle physics, mesons are hadronic subatomic particles composed of one quark and one antiquark, bound together by the strong interaction. Because mesons are composed of sub-particles, they have a physical size, with a diameter of roughly one fermi,[citation needed] which is about 2/3 the size of a proton or neutron. All mesons are unstable, with the longest-lived lasting for only a few hundredths of a microsecond."
Note: Germain has a different explaination, "A meson is 2/3 the mass of a hadron. Imagine a sphere 2/3 the size of the outer sphere of the hadron gravity wave. Call it the meson sphere. It represents a harmonic node in the spherical gravity wave, where resonances try to establish but fail. All those mesons are failed spherical resonances which decay in a fraction of a second."
mesons don't decay as the Standard Model predicts Scientific American: "2 Accelerators Find Particles That May Break Known Laws of Physics" The LHC and the Belle experiment have found particle decay patterns that violate the Standard Model of particle physics.
Planck's constant Planck's constant is a physical constant that is the quantum of action in quantum mechanics.
matter ceases to exist at the center of a black hole Germain explained why matter cease to exist at the center of a black hole back in chapter 12. When a particle is forced into an area smaller than its wavelength, the wave ceases to be able to resonate, and when resonance stops, the particle ceases to exist. Hence Germain claims matter vanishes at the center of a black hole.
the Big Bang was caused by a black hole exploding Germain explains this theory in chapter 11, according to which it took sextillion years.for a black hole to grow large enough to explode.
cosmic gamma-ray bubbles The Cosmic gamma-ray bubbles were reported in the NY Sciene Times, along with this illustration. Germain offers the alien physics explanation for the cause.
V404 Cygni X-ray light released by an erupting black hole (dot at center) echoed off dust to form concentric rings around the binary system, V404 Cygni, which lies about 8,000 light-years from Earth.
Credit: Andrew Beardmore (Univ. of Leicester) and NASA/Swift

Cassiopeia A nebula The Daily Galaxy: Cassiopeia A nebula
ASASSN-14li The Christian Science Monitor: Burping Plasma: What happens when black holes digest stars
wind now coming from giant black holes BBC: "By training two space telescopes on a supermassive black hole with the mass of a billion Suns, they measured the strength of its ferocious winds."
black hole goes Bang! Alien physics assumes a black hole grows by pulling in matter created in a steady state manner, and would have had to reach approximately the mass of the known universe in order to explode producing the alleged Big Bang effects. An estimate of mass for the universe of a 10^50 kg was used for the calculations. We assumed the diameter of a hadron outer shell would be approximately equal to the diameter of a 10^50 kg black hole at the point it exploded. To get an idea of the diameter of a black hole reaching that mass, we started with the size and mass of the largest known blaxk hole. "The giant black hole is about 11 times as wide as the orbit of Neptune around our sun," researchers said. Distance to Neptune averages 4.5 10^9 km, times 11 = 4.95 10^10. From that radius, we calculate its volume = 4/3 pi ( 4.95 10^10)^3 = 4.94 10^32. Next we assume volume is proportional to mass, so volume at 10^50 = (3 10^9) x (4.94 10^32) = 1.4 10^40 Then we calculate the radius at that volume, 4/3 pi r^3 = 1.2 10^42 so r = .66 10^14, diameter = 1.32 10^14 km = 14 light years.
inflationary period redux Wikipedia: "In physical cosmology, cosmic inflation, cosmological inflation, or just inflation is the exponential expansion of space in the early universe. The inflationary epoch lasted from 10-36 seconds after the Big Bang to sometime between 10-33 and 10-32 seconds. Following the inflationary period, the Universe continues to expand, but at a less accelerated rate.[1]
1. "First Second of the Big Bang". How The Universe Works 3. 2014. Discovery Science.
Note: "redux," because Germain claims the effects described would occur anytime a black hole explodes.
polarization of the microwave background Space.com: "Gravitational waves from inflation generate a faint but distinctive twisting pattern in the polarization of the cosmic microwave background, known as a "curl" or B-mode pattern. For the density fluctuations that generate most of the polarization of the CMB, this part of the primordial pattern is exactly zero. Shown here is the actual B-mode pattern observed with the BICEP2 telescope, which is consistent with the pattern predicted for primordial gravitational waves."
Note: This finding was later attributed to errors in predicting the effect of dust, just as Germain predicted.

time travel Wikipedia: "Time travel is a recognized concept in philosophy and fiction, but travel to an arbitrary point in time has a very limited support in theoretical physics, usually only in conjunction with quantum mechanics or Einstein–Rosen bridges."
Andrew Truscott DigitalJournal.com: "Prof. Andrew Truscott experimenting at The Australian National University."
photo in the article showing a photon Note: The image seems to show a wave riding on another wave, much as alien physics described a photon.
quantum tunneling Here's one example of an experiment confirming quantum tunneling from TheGuardian.com
Is the universe dying? NASA: "It's Official: The Universe is slowly dying"

16 The Dune Sea

Dune Sea Wookieepedia: "The Dune Sea was a vast stretch of desert on the Outer Rim planet of Tatooine. The Great Pit of Carkoon, which contained a creature known as the sarlacc, was located in the Dune Sea.[2] The palace of Jabba the Hutt and the home of Obi-Wan Kenobi were located beyond the Dune Sea.[1]
1. Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
2. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
sarlacc Wookieepedia: "The sarlacc was a dangerous, carnivorous creature, as well as one of Jabba the Hutt's favorite pets, that inhabited the Great Pit of Carkoon in the Dune Sea of Tatooine.
Towering at a hundred meters in height, its entire body was buried in sand, save its massive mouth and beaked tongue. The sarlacc had several appendages that branched off from its buried body, and many stomachs. The creature swallowed its prey whole, and rows of hundreds of spear-like teeth kept the victim from climbing back out. "
Tusken Raiders Wookieepedia: "Tusken Raiders, less formally referred to as Sand People or simply as Tuskens, were a culture of nomadic, primitive sentients indigenous to Tatooine, where they were often hostile to local settlers."
Womp rat Wookieepedia: "Womp rats were creatures native to Tatooine.[1] Considered to be a pest, they nested in the desert and would sometimes gather in swarms to attack the inhabitants of Tatooine... During the Clone Wars, when Anakin Skywalker was having trouble getting information out of Dr. Nuvo Vindi, Obi-Wan Kenobi told him to have patience, as there was "more than one way to skin a womp rat."[3]
Shortly before the Battle of Yavin, when Wedge Antilles protested that the two-meter target on the Death Star was impossible to hit, even for a computer, Luke Skywalker countered that he used to "bulls-eye" womp rats in his T-16 Skyhopper back home and that they were not much bigger than two meters.[1] "
1 Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
3. Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Mystery of a Thousand Moons"

17 Traveling the Jundland Wastes

Jundland Wastes Wookieepedia: "The Jundland Wastes were a region of Tatooine, a desert planet located in the Outer Rim Territories. Luke Skywalker was attacked by a group of Tusken Raiders in the Jundland Wastes, before being rescued by Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi.[1]"
"The Jundland Wastes are not to be traveled lightly," Obi-Wan Kenobi
1 Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope

Venus cave art figurines Wikipedia: "A Venus figurine is any Upper Paleolithic statuette portraying a woman with exaggerated physical features. Most have been unearthed in Europe, but others have been found as far away as Siberia, extending their distribution across much of Eurasia.
Most of them date from the Gravettian period (28,000-22,000 years ago), but examples exist as early as the Venus of Hohle Fels, which dates back at least 35,000 years to the Aurignacian, and as late as the Venus of Monruz, from about 11,000 years ago in the Magdalenian.
These figurines were carved from soft stone (such as steatite, calcite or limestone), bone or ivory, or formed of clay and fired. The latter are among the oldest ceramics known. In total, over a hundred such figurines are known; virtually all of modest size, between 4 cm and 25 cm in height. They are some of the earliest works of prehistoric art."
Eros Wikipedia: "Eros was the Greek god of love. His Roman counterpart was Cupid[4] ("desire"). Some myths make him a primordial god, while in other myths, he is the son of Aphrodite.
Eros appears in ancient Greek sources under several different guises. In the earliest sources (the cosmogonies, the earliest philosophers, and texts referring to the mystery religions), he is one of the primordial gods involved in the coming into being of the cosmos. But in later sources, Eros is represented as the son of Aphrodite, whose mischievous interventions in the affairs of gods and mortals cause bonds of love to form, often illicitly. Ultimately, in the later satirical poets, he is represented as a blindfolded child, the precursor to the chubby Renaissance Cupid – whereas in early Greek poetry and art, Eros was depicted as an adult male who embodies sexual power, and a profound artist."[5][6]
4. Larousse Desk Reference Encyclopedia, The Book People, Haydock, 1995, p. 215.
5. See the article Eros at the Theoi Project
6. "Eros", in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth, eds., The Oxford Classical Dictionary.

18 Preparing for the Art Opening

W. Robinson Hutt The character W. Robinson Hutt was inspired by artist and critic Walter Robinson, whom Bill interviewed for a panel discussion at Artists Talk on Art (ATOA) when bill was on the Board of Directors of that non-profit organization.
we did all rent rooms Renting rooms, houses, and stores is how Helga Eusebio, creator of the Little Mos Eisley SIM (LME) earns revenue. Any avatar experienced in using Second Life (SL), and willing to abide by her SIM rules is welcome to rent space from her. However, don't try to visit LME when you first join SL, because you will be ejected and told to come back when your avatar is older.
Red Horse "Never underestimate the power of the Horse in a work of art..." Bill discusses the significance of this painting on his Facebook blog

19 The Art Opening on Tatooine

the Gorean wines Wikipedia: "Gor is the parallel universe Counter-Earth setting for an extended series of novels by John Norman that combine philosophy, erotica, and science fiction. The series has been variously referred to by several names including: Chronicles of Counter-Earth, Tarl Cabot Saga, Chronicles of Gor, and Gorean Saga. The customs, terminology and imagery depicted in these books inspired a Gorean subculture, with lifestyle adherents online and off.[1] The science iction inspired books have taken in influences from alternate genres such as fantasy novels and other works."
1. www.slavinjadira.nl/gorean-lifestyle/
bantha butter Wookieepedia: "Banthas were a species of hairy mammals that lived in the deserts of the planet Tatooine, but were bred on many worlds throughout the galaxy.[2] Those social herd animals were used as loyal pack animals by the Tusken Raiders. Banthas were quadrupeds with bright eyes and and trampling feet. While all banthas were peaceful herbivores,[3] the males of the species had a pair of sharp, spiraling horns that grew from their skull. Their meat and milk were popular foodstuffs and their hide was popular for clothing, made into wares such as bantha hide jackets and boots. They were employed on moisture farms and as pack animals by Tusken Raiders.[2]"
2. Ultimate Star Wars
3. Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
Toydarian Wookieepedia: "Toydarians were a sentient, winged species from the planet Toydaria.[5] In addition to their ability to fly, Toydarians were physically defined by their long snouts and webbed feet, and could resist mental manipulation from the Force.[1] During the Clone Wars, the Toydarians were ruled by King Katuunko. The Toydarians were, for a time, neutral during the Clone Wars, before eventually siding with the Galactic Republic.[3]"
1. Star Wars: Episode I The Phantom Menace
3. Star Wars: The Clone Wars – "Supply Lines"
5. www.starwars.com/databank/toydarian
Aqualish Wookieepedia: "Aqualish were a species of sentient humanoids who were identifiable by round black eyes, tusks, and fur. Some Aqualish had four eyes. The shape of their hands also varied. While some had hairless hands with three digits, others, like Ponda Baba, had furry hands with five clawed digits."
"Negola dewaghi wool dugger?" Ponda Baba.
"He doesn't like you." Cornelius Evazan to Luke Skywalker
Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, Cantina scene
Jurgoran Wookieepedia: "Jurgorans were large, amphibious animals native to Dromund Kaas, where they were challenged only by the gundark for a position at the top of the food chain[2]. They were known for their sharp claws and tought hides[2], and they had been transplanted to several worlds across the galaxy. On Taral V, several jurgorans attacked a Republic strike team that was trying to gain information on a missing Jedi.[1] "
1. Flashpoint: Taral V
2. Star Wars: The Old Republic
a painting depicting a rancor attack Wookieepedia: "Bad Pet was a painting depicting a rancor attack on an Imperial hangar."
Rancors were large semi-sentient reptilian carnivores native to the planet Dathomir. Standing around 5 meters tall, with their long arms, immense jaws and possessing armored hides that could withstand blaster fire, they were formidable predators...
A rancor was kept as a pet by Jabba the Hutt in a pit below his palace court, to which he fed any who displeased him. The beast was killed by Luke Skywalker, after which its human handler could be seen mourning its death.[4]"
4. Star Wars, Episode VI Return of the Jedi
the planet Tantive IV Wookieepedia: "Tantive IV was the fourth planet in the Tantive system of Kwymar sector.
The planet was home to the Tantive Gallery of Progressive Art, the sister project to Alderaan's Aldera Museum of Modern Expression. At some point during the Galactic Republic's decline, there was a cultural exchange of art and artist between the two worlds. In honor of diplomats from Tantive IV who visited Alderaan, the Star of Alderaan was renamed Tantive IV. The planet was later in the Imperial remnant territory ruled by Gaen Drommel."
Outer Rim Wookieepedia: "The Outer Rim Territories, or simply Outer Rim, was a region of the galaxy. It included planets such as Tatooine,... The planet Naboo was located close to it, inside the Mid Rim."
Mon Calamari www.starwars.com: "The Mon Calamari people are a humanoid, aquatic species with high-domed heads, webbed hands and large, goggle-like eyes. They hail from the oceans of Mon Cala, a planet they share with the Quarren. During the Clone Wars, differences between the two cultures were fanned by Separatist troublemakers to erupt in civil war. During the Galactic Civil War, the Mon Calamari were said to be the soul of the Rebel Alliance. The Empire pressed these gentle, amphibious people into war by subjugating their watery world. In retaliation, the Mon Calamari became one of the key species of the Rebellion, supplying badly needed warships to the outnumbered Alliance fleet."
a Duros Wookieepedia: "The Duros were a humanoid species[2] native to Duro. They had smooth blue-green skin, red eyes, lipless mouths and long thin noseless faces. Their large red goggle-like eyes had slit pupils. Duros also have green blood. "
2. www.starwars.com/databank/duros
buy it to flip it This alien character was inspired by Stefan Simchowitz. Wikipedia: "Simchowitz is the target of art critics who claim that his method of promoting young, undiscovered artists and bulk buying artwork of questionable value then flipping it for profit is a destabilizing force in the art world.[3] He has been called the Michael Milken of the art world[1] and 'a Sith Lord from the Brotherhood of Darkness.'[4]"
1. Glazek, Christopher (December 30, 2014). "The Art World’s Patron Satan". The New York Times (Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr.). Retrieved January 2, 2015.
3. Saltz, Jerry (March 31, 2014). "Saltz on Stefan Simchowitz, the Greatest Art-Flipper of Them All". New York Magazine (New York Media). Retrieved January 2, 2015.
4. Drury, Dan (May 7, 2014). "Stefan Simchowitz vs. the Art World". New York Observer (Jared Kushner). Retrieved January 2, 2015.
Hickey Hutt The character Hickey Hutt was inspired by art critic Dave Hickey, whom Bill corresponded with extensively when Hickey had an art blog on Facebook. That blog has now been published as, "Wasted Words: The Essential Dave Hickey Online Compilation," compiled by Julia Friedman. 586 pgs, 1st Edition January 2016, Published by PCP Press www.pcppress.com, ISBN 1517287103. Bill's words are credited to, "Bill R."
a Trandoshan Wookieepedia: "Trandoshans were large, bipedal reptilian sentient humanoids from the planet Trandosha, and were renowned as great hunters. Trandoshans relished the thrill of a hunt, and Trandoshans were known to embark on a hunting related rite of passage."
ravenous gundarks Wookieepedia: "A gundark was a fearsome anthropoid from Vanqor known as one of the most vicious, strong, and aggressive species in the galaxy. These non-sentient creatures stood between 1 and 2.5 meters tall, with four powerful arms and large ears as wide as their head. Both their hands and feet ended with opposable digits. Gundarks were covered in short brown or gray hair."
"I haven't felt you this tense since we fell into that nest of gundarks." Obi-Wan Kenobi to Anakin Skywalker in Star Wars: Episode II Attack of the Clones

20 The After Party



Anakin Skywalker Wookieepedia: "Anakin Skywalker was a human male who served the Galactic Republic as a Jedi Knight, and later the Galactic Empire as the Sith Lord Darth Vader. Skywalker was the Chosen One of Jedi prophecy, destined to defeat the Sith and bring balance to the Force. After the Battle of Geonosis, Skywalker secretly married Senator Padmé Amidala. As the war progressed, Skywalker saw very little of Padmé but often came into contact with her which often caused suspicion on behalf of Obi-Wan and Skywalker's Padawan, Ahsoka.
Towards the end of the war, Skywalker was blessed with the news of pending fatherhood when Padmé announced she was carrying their first child, but this joy became sorrow when Skywalker became plagued with nightmares of his wife's demise in childbirth. His desire to protect those he loved drove him to the dark side of the Force, leaving him in darkness for decades until his final redemption.
Vengence is mineEzekiel 25:14, "And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel: and they shall do in Edom according to mine anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance, saith the Lord God."
jealous god Exodus 20:5, "I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me
He was angry at many people, whom He directed His followers to slaughter Exodus 32:27-28, "And he said unto them, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.
28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.
Numbers 31:17 "Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him."

21 Darth Mal's Offer

law of Karma Heart of Hinduism: "The law of karma underpins the process of transmigration of the soul. Karma literally means "action," but more often refers to the accumulated reactions to activities. Thus we talk of "good karma" and "bad karma," which are stored reactions that gradually unfold to determine our unique destiny."
Deepak debated Dawkins There is a dance performance before the actual debate begins in this YouTube video: Dangerous Ideas - A discussion between Richard Dawkins and Deepak Chopra on 11-09-2013.
sentient Wikipedia: "Sentience is the ability to feel, perceive, or experience subjectively.[1] Eighteenth-century philosophers used the concept to distinguish the ability to think (reason) from the ability to feel (sentience). In modern Western philosophy, sentience is the ability to experience sensations (known in philosophy of mind as "qualia"). In Eastern philosophy, sentience is a metaphysical quality of all things that requires respect and care... Although the term "sentience" is usually avoided by major artificial intelligence textbooks and researchers, the term is sometimes used in popular accounts of AI to describe "human level or higher intelligence" (or artificial general intelligence). Many popular accounts of AI confuse sentience with sapience or simply conflate the two concepts. Such use of the term is common in science fiction. "
1. www.merriam-webster.com/ dictionary/sentience
all things are one thing All Things Zen: "Here is the JIJIMUGE doctrine of the Kegon School of Japanese Buddhism:
"All things are one and have no life apart from it; the One is all things and is incomplete without the least of them. Yet the parts are parts within the whole, not merged in it; they are interfused with Reality while retaining the full identity of the part, and the One is no less One for the fact that it is a million-million parts."
Dualism is not overcome by its abolition, but through its acceptance and transcendence. The paradox is that all 'things' are at the same time themselves and part of an indivisible continuum. Likewise, different as they may be, dark and light, pain and pleasure, may not be separated. If we wish to experience more of one, we must embrace more of the other."
the consciousness of intentionality The book in which Dennett realized one could assign intentionality to inanimate objects: Breaking the Spell: "Religion as a Natural Phenomenon is a 2006 book in which the American philosopher and cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett argues that religion is in need of scientific analysis so that its nature and future may be better understood. The 'spell' that requires 'breaking' is not religious belief itself but the belief that it is off-limits to or beyond scientific inquiry."
Daniel Dennett Wikipedia: "Daniel Clement Dennett III (born March 28, 1942)[1] is an American philosopher, writer, and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and philosophy of biology, particularly as those fields related to evolutionary biology and cognitive science.[3]
He is currently the co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies, the Austin B. Fletcher Professor of Philosophy, and a University Professor at Tufts University. Dennett is an atheist and secularist, a member of the Secular Coalition for America advisory board,[4] as well as an outspoken supporter of the Brights movement. Dennett is referred to as one of the 'Four Horsemen of New Atheism', along with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, and the late Christopher Hitchens.[5]"
1. PhilosophyNow.org/issues/68/ Daniel_Dennett_ Autobiography_Part_1
3. Beardsley, T. (1996) Profile: Daniel C. Dennett – Dennett's Dangerous Idea, Scientific American 274(2), 34–35.
4. www.secular.org/bios/Daniel_Dennett.html
5. www.newstatesman.com/blogs/the-staggers/2011/12/richard-dawkins-issue-hitchens
Integrated Information TheoryWikipedia: Integrated information theory is a framework intended to understand and explain the nature of consciousness. It was developed by psychiatrist and neuroscientist Giulio Tononi of the University of Wisconsin–Madison"
Giulio Tononi Wikipedia: "Giulio Tononi is a neuroscientist and psychiatrist who holds the David P. White Chair in Sleep Medicine, as well as a Distinguished Chair in Consciousness Science, at the University of Wisconsin."

22 A Dark Master

Kali Hinduism.about.com: "Kali is the fearful and ferocious form of the mother goddess. She assumed the form of a powerful goddess and became popular with the composition of the Devi Mahatmya, a text of the 5th - 6th century AD. Here she is depicted as having born from the brow of Goddess Durga during one of her battles with the evil forces. As the legend goes, in the battle, Kali was so much involved in the killing spree that she got carried away and began destroying everything in sight. To stop her, Lord Shiva threw himself under her feet. Shocked at this sight, Kali stuck out her tongue in astonishment, and put an end to her homicidal rampage. Hence the common image of Kali shows her in her mêlée mood, standing with one foot on Shiva's chest, with her enormous tongue stuck out."
I have astral-projected myself here Wikipedia: "Astral projection (or astral travel) is an interpretation of an out-of-body experience (OBE) that assumes the existence of an 'astral body' separate from the physical body and capable of travelling outside it.[1] Astral projection or travel denotes the astral body leaving the physical body to travel in an astral plane."
1. It is also believed that the "astral body" is the soul leaving the body and travelling through the spiritual realm,(astral plane). Astral projection. (n.d.). Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English, Preview Edition (v 0.9.7). Retrieved June 21, 2008, from Dictionary.com website
a genetic code we fround on Andromeda The reference is to: The Andromeda Strain (1969), by Michael Crichton, is a techno-thriller novel documenting the efforts of a team of scientists investigating the outbreak of a deadly extraterrestrial microorganism in Arizona....
The microbe, code named "Andromeda", mutates with each growth cycle, changing its biological properties... the scientists realize that given Andromeda's ability to generate matter directly from energy, the organism would be able to consume the released energy and ultimately benefit from an atomic explosion, growing into a super-colony within a day."

23 High Priestess Vishnuh Faces the Dragon

manifests a banquet table Actually anyone skilled in virtual worlds can manifest an object by dragging it from inventory to the ground. Vishnuh's brilliance is realizing the way to win against the dragon is not to manifest another weapon, but to overcome her opponent's hostility with acts of kindness.
my battle with the demon Raktavija Wikipedia: "In Hindu mythology, Raktabija was an asura (loosely translated as demon) who fought with Shumbha and Nishumbha against Goddess Durga and Goddess Kali or Goddess Chamunda. Raktabija had a boon that whenever a drop of his blood fell on the ground, a duplicate Raktabija would be born at that spot (rakta=blood, bija=seed; 'he for whom each drop of blood is a seed').
The eighth chapter of the Devi Mahatmya, raktabIja-vadh, focuses on Durga's battle with Raktabija as part of her battle against the asuras Shumbha and Nishumbha, who had disenfranchised the gods from heaven. Raktabija was wounded, but drops of blood falling on the ground created innumerable other Raktabijas, and Durga was in difficulty. At this point, the goddess created Kali, who stretched her tongue over the earth and licked up each drop of blood pouring from Raktabija's body and devoured his duplicates into her gaping mouth."
mind tricks Wookieepedia: "A mind trick was an ability of the Force that allowed the practitioner to influence the thoughts of the affected, generally to user's advantage.[4] When using the mind trick, the practitioner generally adopted a suggestive tone of voice and used a distinctive gesture, waving their hand in front of the target's face.[3] The mind trick was said to work only on the weak-minded[3], and there were certain species, including Toydarians[2] and Hutts[4] that were either highly resistant or immune to it."
3. Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope
4. Star Wars: Episode VI Return of the Jedi
Note: Vishnuh's tactic of responding to aggression and attacks with compassion is more of a Buddhist technique than a Jedi mind trick.

24 Kali challenges Darth Mal

scimitars Wikipedia: "The curved sword or "scimitar" was widespread throughout the Middle East from at least the Ottoman period, with early examples dating to Abbasid era (9th century) Khurasan. The type harks back to the makhaira type of antiquity, but the Arabic term saif is a loan from Greek xiphos[verification needed] (the straight, double-edged sword of Greek antiquity). The Persian sword now called "shamshir" appears by the 12th century and was popularized in Persia by the early 16th century, and had "relatives" in Turkey (the kilij), and the Mughal Empire (the talwar)."

25 Germain faces Darth Mal

its lethal lawn mower blade action This phrase describing the boomerang action was suggested by Barnaby Ruhe, six time world boomerang champion, and adviser to Rabinart.com on boomerangs and shamanism.

26 The Final Battle

Neoliberalism Quote from Patrick Smith's article Radical Austerity’s Brutal Lies: How Krugman and Chomsky Saw Through Dehumanizing Neoliberal Spin
Aristophanes' ancient Greek play Lysistrata Wikipedia: "Lysistrata, ("Army Disbander") is a comedy by Aristophanes. Originally performed in classical Athens in 411 BC, it is a comic account of one woman's extraordinary mission to end the Peloponnesian War. Lysistrata persuades the women of Greece to withhold sexual privileges from their husbands and lovers as a means of forcing the men to negotiate peace—a strategy, however, that inflames the battle between the sexes. The play is notable for being an early exposé of sexual relations in a male-dominated society."
Shiva Hinduism.about.com: "Shiva is 'shakti' or power, Shiva is the destroyer, the most powerful god of the Hindu pantheon and one of the godheads in the Hindu Trinity. Known by many names - Mahadeva, Mahayogi, Pashupati, Nataraja, Bhairava, Vishwanath, Bhava, Bhole Nath - Lord Shiva is perhaps the most complex of Hindu deities. Hindus recognize this by putting his shrine in the temple separate from those of other deities... Shiva forms a Tantric couple with Shakti, the embodiment of energy, dynamism, and the motivating force behind all action and existence in the material universe. Shiva is her transcendent masculine aspect, providing the divine ground of all being....Kali is the manifestation of Shakti in her dreadful aspect. The name Kali comes from kala, which means black, time, death, lord of death, Shiva. Since Shiva is called Kala, the eternal time, Kali, his consort, also means "Time" or "Death" (as in "time has come"). "


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